This Blogger worked in Nuclear Power for 20 years. My "minor" in Mechanical Engineering was Nuclear Engineering. I'm very well versed in all aspects of current and past work in nuclear fission, fusion and particle physics.
As such we can start this discussion by noting both nuclear fusion and nuclear fission do indeed convert matter to energy. Both methods of converting matter to energy have drawbacks such as:
- They involve complicated equipement
- They create tons of radioactive waste (nuclear FUSION too! In terms of reactor vessel/containment materials due to neutron activation of materials!)
- They demand huge "infrastructures" to support them
It will the goal of this Blogger to demonstrate that the Proton21 process(es) will lead to a method of converting matter to energy which will NOT generate significant radioactive waste (in fact, will probably consume its own waste), can use relatively simple equipment (no more complicated than the average fuel injected auto engine in the final versions of the technology) and will not require a huge infrastructure to support it.
Before discussing details of various equipment requirements and associated development needs to turn the Proton21 work from "lab demonstration" to "practicle devices", we need to discuss the magnitude of the resource to obtain an idea of the potenial of the technology.
To give the reader an idea of the potential of the "direct conversion of matter to energy" let us start by discussing "burning" a gram of "heavy hydrogen" (the form of hydrogen proposed for nuclear fusion reactions) in a fusion reactor.
It needs to be pointed out that although the "fusion" of 1 gram of heavy hydrogen releases the energy in about 1000 gallons of gasoline, the actually amount of matter converted to energy is about .0005 grams of the 1 gram input to the reaction.
Thus to produce 1000 gallons of gasoline equivalent energy one needs to convert .0005 grams of matter to energy.
We can then quickly calculate that if we converted ONE gram of matter completely to energy, we'd acheive an output equivalent to 2,000,000 gallons of gasoline. (A quick assesment of personal energy usage indicates this would be far more than the average American uses in a life time. So one gram of matter converted to energy would suffice for everyone's life energy use!)
But the key question here is, "Is there a way to do this?"
The answer from the "established" scientific community is that there exists NO way to generate enough antimatter in quantities large enough, and with a small enough input energy...to give "net" generation from antimatter. (Yes, the particle accellerator people DO produce antimatter. A few "anti-particles at a time.)
But there is a marked parallel between this assesment by the "established" science community, and the conclusions of a few individuals (myself included) and something that happened between the turn of the 19th century and the 20th century. That was the work by a couple of bicycle makers in Ohio, who did not accept the ESTABLISHED assesments of dozens of academics that "heavier than air flight" was IMPOSSIBLE. (It will be left to the reader to research the dozens of publications on the internet which detail the high distain which was heaped on the Wright Brothers by the "Scientific Establishment".
This Blogger will simply reproduce a page from the 1905 Scientific American to illustrate this distain:
January 13, 1905
[Article verbatim and in full]
The Wright Aeroplane and its Fabled Performance
A Parisian automobile paper recently published a letter from the Wright brothers to Capt. Ferber of the French army, in which statements are made that certainly need some public substantiation from the Wright brothers. In the letter in question it is alleged that on September 26, the Wright motor-driven aeroplane covered a distance of 17.961 kilometers in 18 minutes and 9 seconds, and that its further progress was stopped by lack of gasoline. On September 29 a distance of 19.57 kilometers was covered in 19 minutes and 55 seconds, the gasoline supply again having been exhausted. On September 30 the machine traveled 16 kilometers in 17 minutes and 15 seconds; this time a hot bearing prevented further remarkable progress. Then came some eye-opening records. Here they are:
- October 3: 24.535 kilometers in 25 minutes and 5 seconds. (Cause of Stoppage, hot bearing.)
- October 4: 33.456 kilometers in 33 minutes and 17 seconds. (Cause of stoppage, hot bearing.)
- October 5: 38.956 kilometers in 33 minutes and 3 seconds. (Cause of stoppage, exhaustion of gasoline supply.)
It seems that these alleged experiments were made at Dayton, Ohio, a fairly large town, and that the newspapers of the United States, alert as they are, allowed these sensational performances to escape their notice. When it is considered that Langley never even successfully launched his man-carrying machine, that Langley's experimental model never flew more than a mile, and that Wright's mysterious aeroplane covered a reputed distance of 38 kilometers at the rate of one kilometer a minute, we have the right to exact further information before we place reliance on these French reports. Unfortunately, the Wright brothers are hardly disposed to publish any substantiation or to make public experiments, for reasons best known to themselves.[emphasis added] If such sensational and tremendously important experiments are being conducted in a not very remote part of the country, on a subject in which almost everybody feels the most profound interest, is it possible to believe that the enterprising American reporter, who, it is well known, comes down the chimney when the door is locked in his face--even if he has to scale a fifteen-story sky-scraper to do so-- would not have ascertained all about them and published them broadcast long ago? Why particularly, as it is further alleged, should the Wrights desire to sell their invention to the French government for a "million" francs. Surely their own is the first to which they would be likely to apply.
We certainly want more light on the subject.
May we quickly point out that similar distain has been given to the results of Proton21?
This despite THEIR openess in publishing their results, in detail? (And even having outside labs test their samples and give backing to their observations?)
However, we digress from the point we need to address: There probably currently exists methods and reasonably priced equipment to allow exploiting the Proton 21 results and turning them into methods to create usable energy from the creation of antimatter from the pulsed technology they suggest.
Before we detail the probable method of obtaining useful energy from the Proton21 discoveries, we should look at some "machines" that exist already in the USA which acheive similar results. (Next Posting)